Hyperpigmentation is described as areas of abnormal darkening of the skin. This darkening can either be one spot or large patchy areas, depending on the cause. This condition is a result of inflammation and can be triggered by sun exposure, hormone fluctuations or skin injuries (acne lesions, a cut or a burn). Some skin types are more susceptible to hyperpigmentation than others. It is important to consult with a licensed skin health professional prior to using products to even skin discoloration, as high percentages of strong ingredients can cause further irritation and a worsening of the condition instead of improvement.
- Inflammation (caused by sun exposure, acne, hormonal shifts, or a cut or burn)
- Melanocytes produce pigment
- Packets of pigment travel from the melanocyte to the skin cells
- The pigment is distributed like an umbrella to protect the skin cells’ DNA from damage
- On the surface, the skin may have one small dark spot or be uniformly darker (as with a suntan)
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